The Self-Accuracy (Are self-perceptions accurate?) part of this page is under construction.
The degree to which a people rate themselves higher than they rates others. To measure individual differences in self enhancement or self-effacement, the person's perceiver and target effect should be removed.
With western samples, we usually find self-enhancement: People see themselves as better than others. The one exception is Big Five factor of emotional stability: People see others as more emotionally stable.
Taylor and Brown have hypothesized that self-enhancement leads to better mental health outcomes. With Virginia Kwan and Michael Bond, I am exploring this issue. We are proposing that perceiver and target effects must be controlled in measuring self-enhancement.
Chapter 9 of Interpersonal Perception: A Social Relations Analysis