David A. Kenny
April 26, 2016

Interpersonal perception refers the impression perceiver A has of target B on trait T. For instance, it might refer to Alice's view of Betty's truthfulness. The perceiver is a member of some class, e.g., students, as are the targets. Very often the perceiver and targets are members of the same class.

This page describes notation developed by R. D. Laing and questions in interpersonal perception that they give rise to. Denote the impression that person A has of person B as A(B). (If "A" and "B" are confusing to you, then substitute "Alice" for "A" and "Betty" or "B".)  Self-perception of person A would be denoted as A(A).  The metaperception that A has of B or what A thinks that B thinks of A is denoted as A(B(A)). Finally, person A's actual standing on the trait is denoted as A. The nine basic questions that are discussed in the book Interpersonal Perception: A Social Relations Analysis (which is currently being revised) are:


Other possible questions are the degree to which meta-perceptions are consistent with self perceptions or A(B(A)) = A(A) and the degree to which self-perceptions are valid or A(A) = A what is might be called Self-Accuracy. One idea is to consider A(AB) or how A sees him or herself when interacting with B. Also the questions of consensus, assimilation, and uniqueness could be applied to meta-perceptions. Also consult the page on triadic perceptions which introduces many new questions.

To learn more about R. D. Laing.

To learn more about the nine basic questions see Chapter 1 in Interpersonal Perception: A Social Relations Analysis.

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